James Bond was created by Ian Fleming in 1953.
Fleming chose the name James Bond because it was "the dullest name I ever heard".
The first actor to play Bond was Barry Nelson in a 1954 US television adaptation of Casino Royale.
Second to portray Bond was Bob Holness who voiced the part in a South African radio adaptation of Moonraker in 1956.
He went on to achieve celebrity as a quiz show host and died in 2012.
Only two Bond films have won Oscars:
Goldfinger (best sound effects) and Thunderball (best visual effects).
The only Bond girls played by actresses older than Bond were Honor Blackman and Diana Rigg, both of whom had also achieved great success in the TV series The Avengers.
The first official image of James Bond was drawn by Ian Fleming himself as a guide for a Daily Express comic strip in 1957.