The first public performance of an animated cartoon on October 28, 1892, in Paris.
The cartoon was called Pauvre Pierrot (Poor Pete) and used to demonstrate the Theatre Optique system of Charles-Emile Reynaud.
Reynaud's animation system was overtaken by the Lumiere brothers Cinematograph in 1895, driving him into bankruptcy and depression.
Reynaud died penniless in a Paris hospice after throwing his animation equipment into the Seine.
'Cartoon' originally just meant a drawing on stout paper, from 'carta', the Italian for paper.
Beauty And The Beast (1991), Up (2009) and Toy Story 3 (2010) are the only animated films to have been nominated for best picture Oscars.