During the American civil war, 75% of all battlefield surgery involved amputations.
A total of more than 50,000 such amputations were performed.
A man with no arms and no legs swam the English Channel in September 2010 thanks to his motor-propelled, flipper-shaped artificial legs.
Philippe Croizon, 42, lost all his limbs in an accident in 1994 when he was hit by a 20,000 volt charge from a power line while removing a television aerial.
The Channel crossing took him 13 and a half hours. He said he had done it to inspire all those "who think life is nothing but suffering."
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